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World War II

Word War II was the most savage and devastating war in the history of mankind that took that claimed more than 50 million lives,
displaced tens of millions of people, and left many people disabled. If you are interested in learning the facts and
history of World War II, we offer you all the offbeat and lesser-known aspects of military history.

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Suppose you are interested in learning about military history and want to ensure that the veterans’ efforts and hard work are not forgotten. In that case, we are here to provide all information about those great heroes of wars.

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Allied Military Government

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Veterans: A Complete Walkthrough

Veterans

We hear the terms’ veteran’ when we talk of the military. In simple terms, anyone who has served in a nation’s military is considered a veteran. The Title 38 of the United States Code states that a person who has served in the active military, space, naval, or air service and released under conditions other than dishonorable is considered a veteran. The status is not affected by the geographical area of their service and whether or not they saw active combat. Even the National Guard or Reserves are considered veterans when deployed by federal orders.

According to the U.S. Department of VA, in 2018, over 19 million veterans served the nation, which was 10% of the U.S. adult population, three-thirds of whom served during times of war. However, the number of veterans has been decreasing over the years. This is due to the smaller numbers of the U.S military. Currently, only 1.29 million men and women are veterans. This is the smallest number since World War II.

Factors for being considered a veteran

Various factors are examined by the Veterans Affairs (VA) council before considering a national military service as a veteran. Some of them are;

  • Length of active service for the nation
  • The period of the service
  • Type of service
  • Circumstances that led to the discharge
  • Type of discharge

veteran

Active service of a veteran-to-be can be of multiple forms:

  • Full-time services in the armed forces
  • Full-time service as a commissioned officer in the Reserve or Regular Corpse of the Public Health Sector
  • Full-time service as a commissioned officer in the Coast and Geodetic Survey, The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environment Science Service, and Administration
  • Travel from or to the duty of their service
  • Enlisted service members without a formal release from their active duty and reassigned after.
  • Order of the full-time services and their performances in operational duties
  • The time needed to travel immediately after their date of discharge

An official is considered a veteran after the orders from the governor with approval from the Secretary of Defense or the President. It also includes circumstances where an individual is disabled during active duty or death due to injury or disease. Officials who encountered sexual assault, cardiac arrest, cerebrovascular accidents, and acute myocardial infarction also fall under these categories.

The Veteran Affairs council undergoes a careful determination and hires members to perform a case-by-case resolution before deciding to discharge under conditions other than dishonorable. If an official portrays bad conduct or behavior, they are released based on disqualification for the veteran status. Service members should have served at least 24 months of active duty before being considered veterans. However, if they are deemed disabled within 24 months, this rule does not apply.

Understanding the Structure of the US Army

US Army

The Army of the United States is considered one of the strongest in the world. The primary secret behind their success lies in the distribution of power and the disciplined internal structure.

The Army is one of the three military departments – the other two being the Navy and Air Force, which reports to the Department of Defense. The Army of the United States is composed of two:

  • The active component
  • The reserve component

The United States army reserve and army national guard fall under the reserve component. However, irrespective of the component they belong to, they conduct both institutional and operational missions.

The members of the operational Army are responsible for conducting the full spectrum of operations around the world. They comprise crops, divisions, battalions, brigades, etc. On the other hand, the latter Army provides the necessary support required for the operational group, which includes providing support and the essential infrastructure to raise, equip, train and deploy the army forces in time of need. The operational Army cannot function without the former; the institutional Army cannot serve its purpose without the operational Army.

Army command structure

The headquarters’ members control all army groups, also called the Department of the Army. The groups are classified into three broad categories – Army Commands, Army Service Component Commands, and Direct Reporting Units.

Army Commands (ACOM)

This body comprises the following:

  • Army Futures Command (AFC) is responsible for modernizing the Army of the future to integrate, develop and deliver future force organizations.
  • Army Material Command (AMC): It ensures the land force capabilities of the soldiers by providing acquisition, support, and superior technology.
  • Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) trains and reconstitutes the assigned conventional provinces to combatant commanders.
  • Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) recruits, trains, and educates soldiers and helps establish standards.

Army Service Component Commands (ASCC)

This body comprises the following:

  • Army Cyber Crime Command (USARCYBER): The body conducts electronic warfare in cyberspace and information operations as the superiors dictate.
  • Military Surface Deployment and Distribution (SDDC): they follow all the commands of the MSC and the AMC.
  • Army Central (USARCENT): They oversee all the operations in the Army commands.
  • Army Europe and Africa (USAREUR-AF): They provide continuous insights on the operations throughout EUCOM and AFRICOM.

Army Service Component Commands

Direct Reporting Unite (DRU)

This body comprises the following:

  • Arlington National Cemetery (ANC): They are responsible for serving the last rites of the warriors who served the US in times of need.
  • Civilian Human Resource Agency (CHRA): They are responsible for maintaining the human resource part of the Army and helping build them in a corporate structure.
  • Army Intelligent and Security Command (INSCOM): The body provides intelligent support in the Army.
  • Army Medical Command (MEDCOM): It serves all the medical and dental needs of the members of the Army.
  • Army Corps of Engineers (USACE): They provide and serve all the engineering demands of the Army in support of the national interests.

Top 5 Counties Which Have The Strongest Armies In The World

Strongest Armies

Without question, the globe wants peace and friendly ties between nations, Yet occasionally, an armed conflict arises that necessitates the involvement of several military branches from various countries. Battlegrounds are constantly changing! Causing governments to spend hundreds of billions of dollars annually on their armed forces to produce the best equipment, technology, and training.

Here are the top 5 counties which have the strongest armies in the world:

China:

Third on this list is China, the most powerful nation in Asia and a rising foe of the United States. The communist powerhouse boasts an enormous active population in the world, with an estimated 2,183,000 people. The South China Sea has seen territorial conflicts recently, and China has been expanding its Navy. In addition, ballistic missiles and fifth-generation aircraft are now being developed in China as part of its military modernization efforts, which have also achieved significant strides in recent years and may soon change how armed conflict is fought.

Russia:

Russia possesses more tanks than any other nation (12,950), which is more than twice as many as the United States. In addition, Russia’s military has recently intervened in Syria and Ukraine. On land, almost 1 million active personnel are in charge of 3,860 rocket launchers, 6,083 self-propelled artillery units, and 27,038 armored vehicles.

United States

United States:

The US’s most significant conventional military advantage is its fleet of ten aircraft carriers. In addition, the US possesses a sizable and well-trained human force, the most incredible fleet in the world, cutting-edge technology like the Navy’s new rail gun, and, of course, the largest nuclear arsenal in the world.

India:

An estimated 1,444,000 personnel are now serving in the military forces of India, which has been involved in a protracted territorial struggle with neighboring Pakistan over the Kashmir region. Global Firepower reports that the nation has the most tanks (4,292), towed artillery (4,060), and fighter aircraft in the world (538). According to estimates, India’s military expenditure will exceed $61 billion this year.

Japan:

Although this Asian nation’s current military strength is only a tiny portion of that of its unstable neighbor North Korea, it more than makes up for it with its modernized arsenal. Its estimated active military strength is 247,160. In addition, according to Global Firepower’s data, Japan possesses 152 particular-purpose aircraft, more than any other nation outside the United States, and a powerful Navy fleet that includes 40 destroyers.

The number of nations “enjoying” the title of having one of the best militaries in the world has sparked interest among the general public and laypeople. To put it simply, which nation has the deadliest, most destructive weaponry, most potent armed forces, and most extraordinary Firepower.

The Role of the United States in World War I

World War I

World War I was when all the nations fought for their survival in the land, in which America also played a considerable role, supported by their armed forces. In 1917, the United States of America declared war on the German Empire three years after World War I.

The US was a massive supplier of money and raw materials in the war. In 1918, the American soldiers arrived as 10,000 men per day at the borders of the Western Front. The U.S. present with over 4 million military men, and nearly 65,000 soldiers suffered losses of all kinds. This incident led to a drastic effect on the U.S. Armed forces. Under the presidency of Woodrow Wilson, the war brought about substantial opposition to the U.S.

U.S. Armed forces

The policy of neutrality

After the war began in 1914, the U.S. proclaimed the neutrality policy, despite the hate against German Empire and the President’s commands. However, Wilson protested against the uncalled marine attacks on the U.S. and warned that the U.S. would not tolerate such unrestricted warfare against American rights and international obligations. This statement contradicted the policy of neutrality. Finally, in 1917, the United States entered into war after unraveling the official commitment to neutrality.

Although the citizens decided to remain neutral, they shifted to the German army after the U.S. entered the war over time. This led to the preparedness movement, which forced them to build solid naval and defensive forces immediately. Many famous faces and names like ex-president Theodore Roosevelt, Elihu Root, and many others were the faces of this movement.

The Preparedness movement

This movement had a realistic philosophy of world affairs. The movement helped the U.S. to empty over 100,000 men in the army, which easily outnumbered the German army. They also called for the UMT – Universal Military Service, forcing everyone who turned 18 or above to take six months of training in the military and then were assigned to different units.

World War I

Declaration of World War I

Even though the U.S. urged, in January 1917, Germany resumed their unrestricted submarine warfare. After several incidents, the American Congress finally accepted the war on April 6, 1917. The congress declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Empire but took many steps in declaring war against the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, or the Central Powers. Hence, the U.S. remained uninvolved in military campaigns in eastern and central Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and other regions.

Due to the need for more soldiers in the armed forces, in 1917, the U.S. gave citizenship to Puerto Ricans and allowed them to participate in World War I.

American women were not a part of the combat forces but served as personnel and nurses in uniforms. During the world war, many American women also worked in hospitals close to battlefields to treat millions of soldiers and other victims of the war.

The History of the United States During World War II

World War II

The history of military deployment primarily started around the Second World War with the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941 and ended when Japan surrendered on September 2, 1945. Although the US nearly remained neutral during the wars, they also publicly declared shoot on sight on September 11, 1941. This effectively declared war on Germany and Italy. Many Americans served in the armed forces during this time, while many were wounded and wounded. After the war at Pearl Harbor, the defeat of Germany and France was a mere priority for the United States.

The origins of the Second World War

Although the Americans were hostile in nature, the amount of aid which has to be provided to the allies was a controversial topic, especially after the First World War. After their neutrality acts during the war, they did not play any role in the second Italo-Ethiopian war. At the beginning of World War II, many nations were allowed to seek American aid for war materials based on cash and carry. However, the assistance for Britain and UK was still limited due to their overtime beef.

Due to this, by 1940, the United States became the ‘Arsenal of Democracy for all its Allies by supplying raw materials and money required to fight the war. The expansion of the US armed forces‘ expansion began only after France’s sudden defeat. Then, after Germany attacked the Soviet Union, America started sending help to the union, China and Britain.

Second World War

American volunteers for the war

Before America entered World War II in 1941, many armed American forces contributed individually and volunteered to fight the Axis powers. However, since this act of joining a foreign army with American citizenship was illegal, many lost their citizenship and became Canadian citizens.

Claire L Chennault created the first military aviation during this time, called Flying Tigers. The American pilots from the air force also joined the Chinese air force to fight against Japan.

The strategic bombing on Germany

After a series of ups and downs, America finally entered the Second World War, and numerous bombing runs were made at the industrial heart of Germany. Bombs like B-17 and B-24 were sued in daylight for precision and accuracy.

During mid-1942, the USAAF pilots, also called the Flying Fortresses, raided across all the English channels. Despite their goals and targets, the Air force and the US government were hesitant to bomb the German town indiscriminately. Instead, they focused on precision bombing vital locations like shipyards, railroad junctions, power plants, airfields, steel mills, etc.

This idea of precision bombing caused widespread damage, especially from a military viewpoint. However, this plan was successful when 50,000 civilians were killed, and the attacks destroyed almost the entire city of Hamburg.

Most 5 Powerful Aircraft In The World

Aircraft

The nation’s air force, whose duties are distinct from those of the army, navy, and marine corps, carries out aerial warfare.

To take control of the air and conduct tactical and strategic bombing, a powerful air force can help the army and navy forces by delivering crucial resources on schedule. The Air Force possesses a variety of aircraft, including transport planes, bombers, helicopters, and helicopters. The top 5 most powerful air forces in the world are listed below.

nation's air force

United States:

On September 18, 1947, the world’s largest and most technologically advanced Air Force was established. “Fly Fight Win” is the US Air Force’s motto. The Pentagon in Virginia, where its headquarters are located, has the most airplanes worldwide. This air force has five primary objectives: command and control, globally integrated ISR, global strike, rapid global mobility, and air superiority.

Russia:

Its ancestry in the Russian Federation may be traced back to the Soviet Air Forces and Imperial Air Services from 1918 and 1991. After the fall of the USSR, the Russian Air Force was founded in its current configuration on May 7, 1992. Moscow houses its principal office. In order to create the Russian Aerospace Forces, the Russian Air Force and Russian Aerospace Defence Forces were combined in 2015.

As of 2021, the air force has 1,90,000 troops and roughly 4509 jet aircraft, making it a sizable organization.

China:

Another name for the Chinese air force is PLAAF, which stands for People’s Liberation Army Airforce or People’s Liberation Air Force. The Chinese Air Force is divided into five branches: Airborne Corps, Aviation, Surface-to-Air Missiles, Anti-Cruiser Artillery, and Radar.

A total of 4,00,000 troops and more than 3370 aircraft make up the most significant air force in Asia, the Chinese Air Force.

India:

The world’s most significant and fourth-most potent air force. “Touch The Sky With Glory” is the organization’s slogan, and its headquarters are in Delhi. The Indian Air Force is extensive, with 1,39,576 active duty personnel, 1,40,000 reserve personnel, and more than 1850 aircraft.

aircraft

Israel:

Despite being tiny, it has cutting-edge technology. Israel’s HaKirya neighborhood in Tel Aviv serves as the organization’s headquarters. It possesses 648 aircraft, including fighter aircraft like the F-16 Fighting Falcon, attack aircraft like the Boeing F-15l Ra’am, and 55000 reserve troops. There are 34000 active duty people and 55000 reserve members. The Suez Crisis, the Six-Day War, Operation Kadesh, and other events all involved this air force in a significant way.

As the newest armed forces branch, the air force is a deterrent for any nation. The air force has almost 65 years of history and has developed into the leading aerospace force in the world. As expressed, its goal is to protect the country by using air and space resources effectively

Special Forces of the US Military

US Military

After undergoing drastic impacts, changes, and other formations in their systems, the United States Armed forces are rated number one worldwide. The US military’s armed forces are divided into six categories: Navy, Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marine Corps, and Space Force. Every top has its own missions, which ought to be fulfilled in need of the hour. However, in case of emergencies or special assignments, elite special forces are formed to achieve the targets. Sometimes, these special forces are also formed and appointed for emergency tasks which can be the need of the hour.

The US military comprises the roughest and most brutal soldiers ready to fight the jaws of death. Within the ranks, special operations are held by the elite ones of the group.

Here are some of the special forces of the US military

The green berets

They are one of our military’s most famous special forces, which President Kennedy in the 1960s formed. They were known for wearing the unique headgear of the British commandos of World War II. The personnel from the royal navy, army and RAF who serve within the 3 Commando Brigade still wear these head gears.

The members should also pass the All Arms Commando Course to join this special force.

The night stalkers

They are also popularly called the 160th special operations aviation regiment for airborne attacks. They are special forces of the aviation army and provide air support for special operations. Since they are involved in missions mainly conducted at night, they’re called night stalkers. This group was also a part of the Osama Bin Laden attack.

Fast

This particular force is a part of the Marine Corps’ anti-terrorism security. They are also a part of the security force regiment, where the guards have sensitive naval installations in nukes and other locations of high value. In 2012, the team was sent to Libya to attack Benghazi.

75th Ranger regiment

This group, also known as the Army Rangers, is responsible for handling sensitive raids in hostile environments. They’re also involved in killing or targeting the high-value and most wanted targets due to their high precision and secrecy of missions.

Navy SEALs

Navy SEALs

SEAL stands for Sea, Air, and Land teams which work together to perform their attacks in various environments like the Arctic, mountains, deserts, jungles, and the sea. They typically gather intelligence behind enemy lines and are also responsible for focusing on high-profile targets.

Delta Force

They’re also called the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta, one of the most secretive army groups and special forces. The members of this force rarely wear a uniform and often can’t find pictures or about them on the internet. But, again, this is due to the highly secretive tasks they are into.

Facts on World War I worth Noting

World War I

Most individuals are quite knowledgeable about many of the critical details of World War I, including famous battles like the Somme and Passchendaele. However, some are so oddball that they have yet to make it into the textbooks. So here are the top 10 poorly known facts about World War I that could surprise you in honor of the centennial of the Great War.

An explosion was heard in London:

During the war, miners worked covertly to excavate tunnels beneath the trenches to install and explode mines there. The detonations were so loud that the prime minister, who was 140 miles distant from London, could hear them. They significantly damaged most of the German front line.

the war

Tanks were made by the British:

Top-secret work was involved! It was kept a secret from everyone, including the factory employees who put the cars together. They were informed that they were building portable water tanks for desert combat. To throw the adversary off, the name “landships” for tanks was changed to “tanks.”

The majority of people suffering from facial injuries:

Artists constructed copper masks to conceal the wounds because plastic surgery was poor at the time. Each soldier’s cover was painted to match their skin tone and was secured with spectacles. Some even had metal eyelashes that were curled.

Dogs were used as messengers:

Dogs were employed as messengers during World War I, carrying orders in capsules fastened to their bodies to the front lines. Additionally, telegraph cables were laid down by dogs.

In trenches, soldiers were housed:

In trenches, soldiers were housed. They had to dig these canals out of the dirt. The living conditions were appalling, and many soldiers were ill. Nevertheless, they resided here and made their attempts to overpower the enemy. There were trenches for the opponents as well. No Man’s Land was the name given to the area between the two.

Women’s skin became yellow:

Then, as more and more men enlisted in the military, women had to fill their positions. As a result, women were suddenly working in places like factories, offices, and buses—jobs taboo during quiet times. Moreover, because their skin would often become yellow when exposed to hazardous chemicals, the women who worked at weapons plants were given the moniker “canaries”!

the military

11th November:

Remembrance Day is observed on November 11 every year. At this time, everybody dons a red poppy. On this day, we honor all members of the military services who fought and perished in the conflict.

Apart from all these, initiating the earliest attempts at facial restoration, Harold Gillies founded the profession of plastic surgery after witnessing soldiers’ faces damaged by shrapnel, many of which were still hidden by masks. Blood transfusions for saving soldiers became commonplace, with the first blood bank opening on the front lines in 1917.

A Complete Walkthrough on U.S. Armed Forces

U.S. Armed Forces

The United States Armed Forces are also called the nation’s military forces, which help in wars. They mainly comprise the following six services – Air Force, Navy, Space Force, Army, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The President heads all the forces and is the commander-in-chief for these bodies, which are governed by the Homeland Security Department and the Department of Defense policies.

All six bodies of the armed forces have shown revolutionary work since the American Revolutionary War, marking a successful history of the United States. The troops not only employed a significant role in the American Civil War but equally contributed to the Barbary Wars in preserving the union.

In terms of personnel, they are considered one of the most significant military forces, gathered from a pool of professional volunteers. Due to their large budget of $693 million, they offer services in other defense and power projection, which is one of the primary reasons for their advancement and deployment of forces, even outside the United States.

U.S. Armed Forces

Service branches of the U.S. Armed Forces

As mentioned earlier, the armed forces are divided into six coequal military service branches, five of which fall under the organizational structure of the Department of Defense military.

The Army

It is a land-service part of the U.S. Armed forces, founded on June 14, 1775. Their duties include:

  • Prompt and sustained land combats and wars
  • The combined operation of the arms
  • Special functions in times of need
  • Sustain theater for the joint forces
  • Integrate the collective, national, and multinational power on the land

Marine Corps

It is a maritime-service branch of the armed forces, which was disbanded and reestablished on July 11, 1798. The body works closely with its sister service- the Navy, and is responsible for expeditionary warfare and amphibious warfare operations. The body is divided into the fleet marine force and the supporting establishment.

The Navy

The Navy is a part of the U.S. armed forces, which is responsible for conducting all maritime operations after diving them into specific groups:

  • Power projection
  • Controlling conditions in the sea
  • Deterrence
  • Maritime security
  • Sealift

The Air Force

The U.S. Air Force is the only body that controls all the national air security activities, which started on August 1, 1907. The body performs various duties, some of which include:

  • Global air strikes
  • Global intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance
  • Air superiority
  • Global mobility
  • Air command and control

The Space Force

The Space Force

This armed forces branch is responsible for consulting all the security activities in space and was established on July 1, 1954. The primary duties of this body include:

  • Combat power projection
  • Space security
  • Information mobility
  • Space mobility and logistics
  • Awareness of the space domain

The Coastal Guard

This body of the armed forces falls under maritime security for search and rescue missions. The main functions include:

  • Waterway and port security
  • Living marine resource protection
  • Marine environment protection
  • Drug interdiction and aids for navigation

A Brief Overview of United States Air Force

Air Force

The air force is a branch of the armed forces of the United States. It was first started in 1907 as a part of the US Army Signal Corps. It is also considered the second youngest branch of the US armed forces.

The United States Air Force is associated with military service and is organized by the Department of Air force, one of the three defense departments. The head of this group is the Secretary of the Air Force, who the President generally appoints from the confirmation of the Senate.

According to the reports from 2017, the US air force operates over 5,300 military aircraft with the world’s largest budget of $56.3 billion and is also the second largest of the armed forces.

The Chief of Staff of the Air force is the highest ranking in this branch, and supervises the overall units and maintains the decorum of the entire department. In addition, the air force pilots/staff are assigned to unified combatant commands. These commanders have delegated forces that help in times of war or crisis.

The members of the US Air force conduct independent operations and provide military support for all the naval and land forces. They also offer recovery and rescue of troops in a field.

US Air Force

Missions of the US Air Force

The USAF’s purpose and missions are defined under Section 9062 of the Title 10 US Code. They are as follows:

  • To support all the national policies
  • To implement all the national objectives
  • To overcome all nations which act aggressively and imperil the security and peace of the United States.
  • To maintain security and stability in the nation
  • To provide defense against enemies whenever necessary

The group’s core missions are mentioned separately, which determines their importance among the abovementioned missions. Some of the core missions of this group include:

  • Integrated global intelligence: it is the integration of planning and plotting for the success of an operation, its processing, integration, and dissemination across global operations.
  • Air supremacy is the degree of dominance of the US air force over the others. It also includes maintaining air supremacy even in missions, including the land or sea.
  • Reconnaissance and air surveillance
  • Increasing rapid global mobility in the nation: Rapid mobility is mainly related to the deployment, redeployment, sustainment, augmentation, employment, and other capabilities of the forces across the ROMO.
  • Performing global strikes: It is mainly the ability to strike rapidly with a wide range of munitions, which creates effect across multiple domains and affects the enemies
  • Command and control: Command and control is the ability to exercise authority for the commander in charge of the accomplishment of a mission and take the necessary steps to guide the members of the troops.

 

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How Do You Get A Veteran's Records, History, Medals ?

National Personnel records center (NPRC) will have all the veteran's service records. They will have many records showing the veteran's service history, including their duty stations, awards, and disciplinary actions. And we are here to help you find all those documents from World War I to the present.