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World War II

Word War II was the most savage and devastating war in the history of mankind that took that claimed more than 50 million lives,
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The Most Important Battles of World War II

World War II

The Second World War is undoubtedly one of the deadliest events that mankind has ever witnessed. It was one of the most significant conflicts in history; it is almost impossible to grasp the level of destruction and damage it has inflicted upon humanity. In many ways, WW II was the first modern War and claimed over 60 million lives. World War II began in 1939 with the invasion of Nazi Germany of Poland. The invasion pitted major power countries against each other – Britain, the United States, Russia, and France against Italy, Germany, and Japan. The War lasted six long years and resulted in the fall of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, and Imperial Japan. Here are some of the most critical battles of World War II:

Battle of Midway, 1942:

Battle of Midway was a destructive naval battle in the Pacific Ocean fought entirely with aircraft. The battle lasted from 4th June 1942 to 7th June 1942, just six months after Imperial Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. The United States destroyed Japan’s carrier strength and trained naval pilots during the bloody battle. The battle had a devastating effect on the Japanese fleet, from which Imperial Japan never fully recovered. The credit for the success of the fight goes to the American Cryptographers, who were quick to decipher the date and location of the planned attack, thus enabling the U.S Navy to prepare for a counter-ambush.

Battle of Moscow, 1942:

Battle of Moscow, 1942:

The battle of Moscow was fought between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during the three-month period from 30th September 1941, to 7th January 1942. Moscow, the capital and the largest city of the Soviet Union, was one of the primary locations of military importance during World War II. As such, Adolf Hitler wanted to capture Moscow or, rather, be razed to the ground. Nazi Germany’s initial rapid advances were met with fierce Soviet resistance and harsh winter weather. The War ended all intentions of Nazi Germany to capture Moscow and officially marked the doom of the Third Reich.

Battle of Stalingrad, 1943:

The battle of Stalingrad was one of the major battles on the Eastern front during World War II, where Nazi Germany fought against the Soviet Union for the city of Stalingrad (now known as Volgograd). The city of Stalingrad was of immense military importance, which is precisely why Nazi Germany wanted to capture it. The city produced armaments and tractors and was a critical linking point with the southern part of the Soviet Union. The ferocious battle lasted six months and started on 23rd August 1942 to 2nd February 1943. With over 2 million causalities, the battle of Stalingrad is the deadliest battle of World War II. The battle successfully stopped the German advance into the Soviet Union and turned the War in favor of the Allies.

Major Causes of World War II

World War II

World War I was considered a war to end all wars, and when it officially ended in 1919, everyone thought the long era of conflicts and unrest had ended. But 20 years later, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland, the hope for a world without wars ended. Instead, it resulted in another war that bared more consequences than the First World War.

Like all other wars in the history of humanity, World War II also broke out due to various factors. You can look into this guide to understand the factors that ultimately led to World War II.

The treaty of Versailles

With the signing of the treaty of Versailles in 1919, World War I officially ended. But this harsh peace treaty imposed on the defeated became the main reason that triggered the Second World War. The devastating effects of World War I left the victorious countries desperate to stop the repetition of the situation in the future. As a result, to protect themselves from the future attacks of Germans, they demanded reparations and demilitarization of the Rhineland region.

But the most humiliating part of the treaty was the ‘War Guilt Clause’ or Article 231, which put all the blame for the First World War on Germany. This made the German People outrageous. Instead of working on building a treaty that would ensure peace, the victors humiliated the defeated. The Weimer Government that came to power in Germany didn’t have any other option than to agree with all these humiliations.

The latter began to print German currency in huge amounts to repay the massive reparations that France imposed on Germany. Naturally, this resulted in inflammation and the collapse of the economy. Fed up by this unfair treatment and inefficiency of their government, German people were willing to support anyone who could help them stand on their feet. And at this time, Hitler and his Nazi Germany emerged as their savior.

Economic Hardships

Economic Hardships

The harsh peace treaty imposed on Germany brought hardship to the German people. The great depression 1920s worsened as the cost of essential items like bread became expensive that ordinary people couldn’t afford it. The situation got fueled by the already fragile Weimer government.

Although the government was experiencing recovery, the government became very weak with the global crash that happened in 1929. Further, conditions like widespread unemployment, as a result of the great depression, created unrest.

Rise of Nazism

Hitler and his Nazi government cleverly exploited the sense of injustice that prevailed in the mind of people after the enactment of the treaty of Versailles. They created a renewed sense of nationalism in the minds of the German people, and Hitler promised to undo all the injustices of the treaty.

Further, they introduced ‘us versus them, where ‘us’ referred to the Aryan race and ‘them’ referred to Jews, Gypsies, and other people who do not fit into of superior Aryan race. German blamed Jews for their failure in World War I and helped them with the cause of the economic hardships. By 1925, Hitler published Main Kampf, where he clearly stated his motif of uniting Germany across Europe and securing beyond this new Reich.

Even though various factors resulted in World War II, these three factors can be considered the major triggers.

Difference Between Allied and Axis Powers

Allied and Axis Powers

World War II was one of the biggest and deadliest events in the history of mankind. The conflict lasted for almost six years and started with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and ended when Imperial Japan surrendered and became the last power to fall. The bloody war resulted in the death of 85 million people, an estimated 3% of the total population at the time. The terms Allied and Axis Powers originated during World War II. Several countries were involved in the conflict, which resulted in a global war against two different military alliances with the same interests. Germany, Japan, and Italy were the Axis Powers, while Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union served as the Allied Powers. The aftermath of World War II ended up in establishing the Soviet Union and the United States as the two major superpowers in the World. China was engaged in a bloody war with Japan at the time of World War II; therefore, also considered an Allied Power by some.

The underlying cause of World War II was the rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. Hitler wanted to establish Germany as a superpower and wanted to dominate Europe. In 1936, Nazi Germany annexed German-speaking areas of France, Austria, and Czechoslovakia, and in 1939, it invaded Poland following a breach of appeasement with Britain. Defending Poland, France, and Britain declared war on Germany, marking the official start of World War II. The Allied Power in WW II was led by Charles de Gaulle, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Axis Powerswas led by Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Hideki Tojo. It is interesting to note that the Allied Powers came together through the wartime alliance during World War I and had a much stronger bond than the Axis Powers, which came into being through the Tripartite Pact.

cause of World War II

The Allied Powers intended to defeat the invasions of the Axis Powers and end the fascist regimes in Germany, Italy, and Japan at the time, while the interests of the Axis Powers were forced territorial expansion and establishing themselves as the Superpowers. One of the main differences between the Axis and Allied Powers is that Allied Powers were ruled by rather liberal and democratic governments, while the Axial Powers were ruled by authoritarian dictators who brainwashed their citizens. The Allied Powers were established through a long-time history of military and foreign policies and therefore shared a stronger bond. The Axis Power members had the same intentions of territorial expansion and world dominion, but they never developed cordial relations among themselves. Both the Allied and Axis Powers wanted to overthrow the international order established after World War I through World War II. The Allied Powers wanted to overthrow the fascist regimes, while Axis Powers wanted to overthrow the United States from the Superpower status.

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