Understanding the Structure of the US Army

Aug 03, 2023 (0) comment

US Army

The Army of the United States is considered one of the strongest in the world. The primary secret behind their success lies in the distribution of power and the disciplined internal structure.

The Army is one of the three military departments – the other two being the Navy and Air Force, which reports to the Department of Defense. The Army of the United States is composed of two:

  • The active component
  • The reserve component

The United States army reserve and army national guard fall under the reserve component. However, irrespective of the component they belong to, they conduct both institutional and operational missions.

The members of the operational Army are responsible for conducting the full spectrum of operations around the world. They comprise crops, divisions, battalions, brigades, etc. On the other hand, the latter Army provides the necessary support required for the operational group, which includes providing support and the essential infrastructure to raise, equip, train and deploy the army forces in time of need. The operational Army cannot function without the former; the institutional Army cannot serve its purpose without the operational Army.

Army command structure

The headquarters’ members control all army groups, also called the Department of the Army. The groups are classified into three broad categories – Army Commands, Army Service Component Commands, and Direct Reporting Units.

Army Commands (ACOM)

This body comprises the following:

  • Army Futures Command (AFC) is responsible for modernizing the Army of the future to integrate, develop and deliver future force organizations.
  • Army Material Command (AMC): It ensures the land force capabilities of the soldiers by providing acquisition, support, and superior technology.
  • Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) trains and reconstitutes the assigned conventional provinces to combatant commanders.
  • Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) recruits, trains, and educates soldiers and helps establish standards.

Army Service Component Commands (ASCC)

This body comprises the following:

  • Army Cyber Crime Command (USARCYBER): The body conducts electronic warfare in cyberspace and information operations as the superiors dictate.
  • Military Surface Deployment and Distribution (SDDC): they follow all the commands of the MSC and the AMC.
  • Army Central (USARCENT): They oversee all the operations in the Army commands.
  • Army Europe and Africa (USAREUR-AF): They provide continuous insights on the operations throughout EUCOM and AFRICOM.

Army Service Component Commands

Direct Reporting Unite (DRU)

This body comprises the following:

  • Arlington National Cemetery (ANC): They are responsible for serving the last rites of the warriors who served the US in times of need.
  • Civilian Human Resource Agency (CHRA): They are responsible for maintaining the human resource part of the Army and helping build them in a corporate structure.
  • Army Intelligent and Security Command (INSCOM): The body provides intelligent support in the Army.
  • Army Medical Command (MEDCOM): It serves all the medical and dental needs of the members of the Army.
  • Army Corps of Engineers (USACE): They provide and serve all the engineering demands of the Army in support of the national interests.

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